Use Benchmarks to Measure Portfolio Performance

A benchmark is a reference point against which the allocation, risk, and return of a certain portfolio may be assessed. You may compare your portfolio's results to those of different market sectors using any number of available benchmarks.

What is a Benchmark

A benchmark is a reference point against which the allocation, risk, and return of a certain portfolio may be assessed. You may compare your portfolio’s results to those of different market sectors using any number of available benchmarks.

For instance, The performance of a mutual fund is often compared to some sort of index. It gives an estimate of how much money one may have made from an investment, which can then be compared to the actual amount made had they invested in the broad market index (Nifty 50, SENSEX 30). A mutual fund’s objective should be to achieve the same level of performance as or be better than its benchmark.

Index funds, mutual funds, and certain ETFs typically choose the appropriate benchmark index for each investment. This benchmark is the minimum acceptable rate of return that the program in question must deliver. For example, if the Nifty 50 yields 12% ROI for the year, then the benchmark is 12%, and any fund that tries to mimic the Nifty 50 must earn 12% or higher returns for the year.

Fund houses in India provide benchmarking information for small-, mid-, and large-cap equity funds using indices such as the CNX Midcap and Smallcap, the BSE 200, the NIFTY, the Sensex, etc.

In India, all investment alternatives need a declaration of a benchmark index. This law is enforced by SEBI, the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

Build Investment Portfolio from Scratch:

What do you mean by benchmark portfolio?

A benchmark portfolio is an exact replica of the index that the benchmark fund is based on. It is a portfolio built entirely based on references. For example, an index fund based on the Nifty 50 will be an exact clone of the index. 

So, in order to invest in the broad market Nifty 50, one can invest in an index fund based on Nifty 50, such as the “Motilal Oswal Nifty 50 Index Fund,” or an ETF, such as the “Nippon India Nifty 50 BeEs.”

How do you calculate benchmark performance?

A benchmark consists of a number of organizations that form a single unit. The weights of such organizations vary; thus, the benchmark returns vary based on each company’s performance, wherein the one with the highest weightage will have more influence on the entire benchmark return.

As part of the data, organizations get a number of benchmarks that they can use to compare their own statistics.

The benchmark scores are simply the averages of the groups to which they are compared. If you compare your company’s average factor scores from 2022 to those from 2021, you are looking at the average score for this year compared to the average score for the previous year.

Also, when comparing a benchmark to your portfolio, see to it that the benchmark carries the same kinds of companies as you do. If not, it would be like comparing an orange to an apple!

A benchmark portfolio based on the Nifty FMCG must be compared only to your portfolio consisting of FMCG companies and not the entire portfolio. Because the industry’s nature changes, its performance will undoubtedly differ from that of the benchmark.

Similarly, when comparing the Benchmark portfolio to that of your overall portfolio, see to it that the Benchmark portfolio considered is of the broad market index and not an industry-based fund. So here, we must compare our entire portfolio (which must be well diversified and inclusive of all major sectors) to the Nifty 50 index or the SENSEX 30 index.

Use Benchmarks to Measure Portfolio Performance

Why is a benchmark used in portfolio assessment?

A benchmark is a reference point against which the allocation, risk, and return of a certain portfolio may be assessed. Standards for evaluating the performance of individual funds and portfolios are typically in place. 

You may compare your portfolio’s results to those of different market sectors using any number of available benchmarks.

Since the Nifty 50 includes 50 of the top Indian publicly listed firms, investors frequently use it as a benchmark for stock performance. But investors can choose from a wide range of benchmarks based on their investments, how they feel about risk, and how long they plan to invest. 

Why is a benchmark portfolio important?

Through comparison to a predetermined standard, such as a market index or a series of indexes, a benchmark portfolio can be used to evaluate an investment portfolio’s overall performance. 

These indexes are unmanaged and “passive,” whereas your investment portfolio is actively managed by a financial expert. Consequently, benchmark portfolios can help you evaluate the manager’s performance relative to the market.

The components of a benchmarking index used to construct a portfolio of funds are often determined by a number of criteria. The two prominent are;

Portfolio Risk

Most benchmark models use the investor risk profile as the primary input. An individual’s risk profile is evaluated based on their age, time invested in the fund market, available resources, and other criteria. The information is used by the fund houses to create a scale by which the risk level may be evaluated.

Mutual funds’ risk profiles are also determined by calculating their volatility and variability. This data shows the frequency and magnitude of portfolio value changes over time and the holding period.

Multi-Asset Allocation Mutual Fund & Its Importance:

Asset Allocation

Asset allocation entails the process of developing a unified model of assets that reflects a given investor’s risk profile in order to establish a personal benchmark. Portfolios that spread investments across several asset categories are one example.

A better assessment may be achieved when the value is allocated using both large and medium-sized indexes. When analyzing the performance and time horizon of a mutual fund, one may use a variety of benchmarking indices.

The finest portfolio management is possible in any market environment if you apply the most suitable benchmarking when comparing funds. That way, while calculating the benchmark for a mutual fund, you won’t make any mistakes.


To answer the question, “What are benchmark portfolios?” We can say that they are the norm against which your individual investment portfolio’s risks and returns may be evaluated. After all, it is only in relation to some market benchmark that the success or failure of a portfolio can be understood. Basically, a tool to compare your portfolio’s performance

Because of this, it could be very helpful for you to judge whether a particular fund is better than the market average and to actively manage your money to help you reach your investing goals.

Disclaimer: All the information on this website is published in good faith and for general information purposes only.

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